Xem Nhiều 4/2023 #️ What Real Gdp Per Capita Reveals About Your Lifestyle # Top 8 Trend | Tvzoneplus.com

# Xem Nhiều 4/2023 # What Real Gdp Per Capita Reveals About Your Lifestyle # Top 8 Trend

Cập nhật thông tin chi tiết về What Real Gdp Per Capita Reveals About Your Lifestyle mới nhất trên website Tvzoneplus.com. Hy vọng nội dung bài viết sẽ đáp ứng được nhu cầu của bạn, chúng tôi sẽ thường xuyên cập nhật mới nội dung để bạn nhận được thông tin nhanh chóng và chính xác nhất.

Real GDP per capita is a measurement of the total economic output of a country divided by the number of people and adjusted for inflation. It’s used to compare the standard of living between countries and over time.

This economic indicator consists of the following three concepts. You must understand these first if you want to comprehend GDP per capita.

The first concept is ” gross domestic product.” That measures everything that a country produces in a year. The components of GDP are personal consumption, business investment, government spending and exports minus imports.﻿﻿ The Bureau of Economic Analysis reports it quarterly, updating its estimate each month.

The second is ” real GDP,” which is GDP without the effect of price changes. Inflation makes regular, “nominal” GDP higher, so real GDP is a more accurate measurement when you want to compare an economy over time.﻿﻿

The third is ” per capita,” which means “per person.” Real GDP is divided by the population of a country to calculate real GDP per capita. It’s the best way to compare economic indicators like GDP for countries with very different population sizes.

Real GDP Per Capita Formula

The formula for real GDP per capita depends on what data you have available. Let’s start with the simplest. If you already know real GDP (R), then you divide it by the population (C):

R / C = real GDP per capita.

In the United States, the BEA calculates real GDP using 2012 as the base year.﻿﻿ If you don’t know real GDP, you can calculate it from nominal GDP (N) if you know the implicit price deflator (D). The deflator is the ratio of what goods and services would cost today if there had been no inflation since the base year. It’s similar to another measure of inflation, the Consumer Price Index. Its components are weighted differently.

Fortunately, the BEA provides the deflator for 2012 in Table 1.1.9.﻿﻿ Here’s the formula to calculate real GDP per capita (R) if you only know nominal GDP (N) and the deflator (D):﻿﻿

(N / D) / C = real GDP per capita

The best way to calculate real GDP per capita for the United States is to use the real GDP estimates already published by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Then just divide it by the population. Fortunately, the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis already calculated it, as shown below.

Annual U.S. Real GDP Per Capita Since 1947 in 2012 Dollars

## Gdp Bình Quân Đầu Người (Gdp Per Capita) Là Gì? Đặc Điểm

Khái niệm

GDP bình quân đầu người tiếng Anh là GDP Per Capita.

GDP bình quân đầu người, hay còn gọi là tổng sản phẩm quốc nội bình quân đầu người, là một số liệu GDP của mỗi quốc gia trên cơ sở mỗi cá nhân. Nó được tính bằng cách chia GDP của một quốc gia cho số lượng dân số.

GDP bình quân đầu người là một thước đo phổ quát trên toàn cầu để đo lường mức độ giàu có của các quốc gia. Trên toàn thế giới, nó được sử dụng bởi các nhà kinh tế cùng với GDP để phân tích mức độ giàu có của một quốc gia và tăng trưởng kinh tế của nó.

Đặc điểm của GDP bình quân đầu người

GDP bình quân đầu người là thước đo phổ biến nhất để đo lường mức độ giàu có của một quốc gia, vì các thành phần tạo nên nó thường xuyên được theo dõi trên qui mô toàn cầu, dễ dàng cho việc tính toán và sử dụng. Thu nhập bình quân đầu người cũng là một lựa chọn thứ hai để phân tích mức độ giàu có của các quốc gia trên toàn cầu mặc dù nó ít được sử dụng rộng rãi.

GDP bình quân đầu người cho thấy giá trị sản xuất kinh tế có thể được qui cho mỗi công dân. Nói cách khác, nó phản ánh mức độ giàu có của quốc gia, vì giá trị thị trường GDP đầu người cũng có thể đóng vai trò là thước đo sự thịnh vượng.

Bản thân GDP là thước đo chính của năng suất kinh tế một quốc gia. GDP kinh tế của một quốc gia cho thấy giá trị thị trường của hàng hóa và dịch vụ mà nó tạo ra. Tại Mỹ, Văn phòng nghiên cứu kinh tế báo cáo GDP hàng quí.

Các nhà kinh tế theo dõi báo cáo hàng quí này và so sánh các số liệu tăng trưởng hàng quí và hàng năm, giúp phân tích tình trạng tài chính tổng thể của nền kinh tế. Các nhà lập pháp sử dụng GDP khi đưa ra các quyết định về chính sách tài khóa. Các nhà kinh tế ngân hàng trung ương sử dụng GDP như một yếu tố quan trọng ảnh hưởng đến các quyết định về chính sách tiền tệ.

GDP bình quân đầu người thường được phân tích cùng với GDP. Các nhà kinh tế sử dụng số liệu này để hiểu rõ hơn về năng suất trong nước cũng như năng suất của họ so với các quốc gia khác. GDP bình quân đầu người xem xét cả GDP của một quốc gia và dân số. Do đó, điều quan trọng là phải hiểu mỗi yếu tố đóng góp vào kết quả chung như thế nào, và cách mà mỗi yếu tố ảnh hưởng đến tăng trưởng GDP bình quân đầu người.

Nếu GDP bình quân đầu người của một quốc gia đang tăng với mức dân số ổn định, nó có khả năng là kết quả của những tiến bộ công nghệ, giúp cho sản lượng sản xuất tăng nhiều hơn với cùng một mức dân số. Một số quốc gia có thể có GDP bình quân đầu người cao nhưng dân số nhỏ, điều này có nghĩa là họ đã xây dựng một nền kinh tế tự cung tự cấp dựa trên nguồn tài nguyên đặc biệt dồi dào.

Một quốc gia có thể có tăng trưởng kinh tế nhất quán nhưng nếu dân số tăng nhanh hơn GDP, tăng trưởng GDP bình quân đầu người sẽ là âm. Đây không phải là một vấn đề đối với hầu hết các nền kinh tế tiên tiến, vì tốc độ tăng trưởng kinh tế của họ vẫn có thể vượt xa tốc độ tăng trưởng dân số của họ. Tuy nhiên, các quốc gia có mức GDP bình quân đầu người thấp – bao gồm nhiều quốc gia ở châu Phi – có thể có dân số tăng nhanh với mức tăng trưởng GDP ít dẫn đến sự suy giảm dần dần về mức sống.

(Theo Investopedia)

Hoàng Vy

## These Pictures Reveal How Easy It Is To See Your Abs As Your Body Fat Percentage Drops

For a lot of men, achieving single-digit body fat is seen as fitness’ holy grail; a direct result of diligent training and precise nutrition. But losing body fat and getting your six-pack to show can be an venture that takes months (or even years) to achieve.

At this point, we presume you know that you can’t ‘ target’ or spot-reduce fat. Nor can you out-train a bad diet consisting of takeaways, post-work pints and sugary treats with a handful of gym sessions, no matter how vigorous they are. To get a six-pack, you have to commit. Hard.

“Dropping body fat is a tough ask,” says Louis Rennocks, cofounder of the IRL and online boxing studio Boxx and weight-loss coach. “It’s about being consistent and disciplined. It’s not going to happen over night, but set yourself small goals and you will get there. I aim to lose 1 to 2lbs per week over the period of 10-12 weeks, and I increase my activity levels by walking more and increasing the intensity of my gym sessions. You will need to cut out all junk food and takeaways for a while, stay away from sugars and alcohol. It’s a marathon not a sprint so stay consistent and keep working towards the end goal.”

Below are six examples of a typical male physique, which should help you identify how close you are to getting those coveted six-pack abs and how far you still have to go. We’ve also included some guidance on how to measure and how to lower your body fat percentage, just in case you’re sick of making that ‘the only six-pack I’ve got is in the fridge’ joke.

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What Body Fat Percentage Do I Need to See Six-pack Abs?

What 30% Body Fat Looks Like

For men aged 20 to 39, anything above 25 per cent body fat is classed as obese. For men 40-years old and above, it’s 28 per cent. Generally considered to be excessive for men and women, 30 per cent body fat makes puts you in the ‘at risk stage’, which can lead to heart disease and cardiovascular issues.

But what about BMI? Unless you’re a bodybuilder or an athlete – maybe both – a high BMI usually correlates with a high percentage of body fat, so consult your GP to get an accurate reading.

We’re sorry to say, you’ll see no signs of six-pack abs at 30 per cent body fat.

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What 25% Body Fat Looks Like

Again, this is the milestone to identifying whether or not you currently have an unhealthy physique. Not as dangerous as being above 30 per cent, but men with around 25 per cent body fat are still carrying significant excess weight. However, they may be carrying an acceptable amount of muscle mass, too.

Generally, a man with 25 per cent body fat will still look overweight, as the muscle beneath will be covered in subcutaneous fat.

What 20% Body Fat Looks Like

This is when things start to look a little more promising. In this bracket, men are likely to look a little ‘skinny fat’ – a result of a poor muscle-to-body-fat ratio – and a little softer.

But there’s more to life than a six-pack, and a body fat percentage of up to 20 per cent is considered healthy and will help stave off diseases that are associated with higher levels of body fat.

What 15% Body Fat Looks Like

In a word – lean. Or at least, starting to look lean. Somewhere between Joe Wicks and Wolverine, maybe.

At around 15 per cent body fat, men will tend to start seeing muscular shape and definition, while noticing changes in body composition and fat stores. Your arms and shoulders are more vascular too. You’re now on-track for a six-pack.

What 10% Body Fat Looks Like

As a general rule of thumb, 10 per cent body fat is the safest place to be. You’re lean enough to show muscle – including your six-pack – and you can see your veins from your shoulders to your hands, but you’re not so shredded that you’re becoming translucent. You need fat, after all, and having at least some body fat is absolutely vital for your body to operate normally.

Go below 10 per cent body fat and you enter the realm of bodybuilders, Love Island stars and elite-level athletes…

What 8% Body Fat (Or Under) Looks Like

…which brings you to single-digit body fat, our next and final stop.

Obtaining the coveted single-digit body fat percentage is usually reserved for the likes of race-car drivers gunning for optimum weight, fitness models getting ready for a shoot – who, most likely, have also dehydrated and carb-depleted for the last week – or Hollywood actors for specific scenes. What you must remember is that whilst single-digit is an aesthetically pleasing look for many, for the majority it’s not practical to live by. In fact, even bodybuilders will often dip out of single-digit body fat only to shred hard in the weeks leading up to competition.

Muscle loss, organ shrinking, nervous system damage, dehydration and fragile bone structure are all very real risks of low body fat. If this is a goal of yours, you have to approach with caution and supervision.

How to Calculate Your Body Fat Percentage

There isn’t a best way to calculate you body fat percentage and to be honest no method is perfect. Still, a consistent incorrect body fat reading will still tell you whether you’re going up or down, so, that being said, here are 5 ways of calculating your body fat percentage.

Body Fat Calipers – Calipers measure the thickness of your subcutaneous fat. Measurements can be taken from 3 or 7 points on the body.

Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis – A safe electrical signal is sent through your body, the system then calculates your fat percentage based on how your body responds.

Body Circumference Measurements – Institutions like the US Army calculate body fat percentage by using a calculation that requires recruits’ circumference measurements, age and height.

Hydrostatic Weighing – Also known as underwater weighing, this method estimates your body fat based on your buoyancy in water.

The Bod Pod – Again, this method estimates your body composition based on its density, but this time using air instead of water.

How to Lower Your Body Fat Percentage

You’ll lower your body fat percentage by managing both your diet and your exercise regime, but, in a nutshell, if you’re at calorie deficit, burning more calories than you consume, your body fat percentage will fall. You can start by using an online TDEE calculator to work out how many calories you actually need and then reduce that by around 100-200kcals to start losing weight. You could do worse than adding in some high intensity workouts into your routine as well.

Try the following workouts and you’re six-pack should be on show in no time.

Privacy is more important than ever nowadays – especially on the Internet. In fact, you’ll hear tons of people and read dozens of articles talking about how vital it is to hide your IP address when you’re online.

Here’s all you need to know:

The easiest way for someone to find your IP address is if you torrent files, that makes it very simple for every member of the Swarm (the total number of seeders and leechers) to see your IP address. They just need to check the list of peers, and they can see your whole address right there – along with the type and version of the torrent client you’re using.

Also, if you send an email to anyone, they can just check the email message’s header since it might contain your IP address. Not all email services reveal IP addresses, though. For example, Gmail doesn’t do that (they only show their mail server’s address), but Yahoo! and Microsoft Outlook do.

A more unconventional way for someone to find your IP address is if you run a website, and host it on your own server at home. They can just open their operating system’s command prompt, and ping the website’s domain. When they do that, the command prompt will return the website’s IP address.

Alternatively, they could just use an online IP lookup tool to do the same thing.

Of course, if you use a data center server to host your website, you don’t need to worry about that.

Here are other “minor” ways someone could find your real IP address:

By checking the web server logs of the websites you visit. Don’t forget – every website you access sees and stores your IP address. Of course, only website owners and admins can see that info – or pretty much anyone if the website suffers a data leak.

Email HTML bugs can reveal your IP address when you open an email or view an image in said email. This isn’t exactly a “bug,” but a piece of code in a transparent image that’s present in an email. People can use services like WhoReadMe to attach such an image to the emails they send. If you interact with the message, the service will alert the sender, and will also show them your location (so, your IP address).

If someone is in your home, and are using your WiFi network, they can just use Google, and type “what is my IP address,” and they’ll instantly see it.

Forum, blog, and gaming server admins can see your real IP address. That’s how they block you, after all.

Here are the main ways your online experience can take a hit if someone has your IP address:

“If someone has my IP address what can they do to my online access?”

Well, content providers can use your IP address to target you with geo-blocks – content restrictions that essentially prevent you from accessing a web page or the content on a website if you’re from a blacklisted geographical region.

That’s how services like Netflix or Hulu keep people from accessing US content from other countries, for example.

The vacuum cleaner is just an example – really, anything goes with that statement.

Some people might find that useful, but for most of us it feels like an invasion of our privacy.

Add It to a Database and Sell It on the Dark Web

Some hackers might collect IP addresses to sell them on the dark web for a profit.

Naturally, a cybercriminal won’t sell just your IP address. That’s not really worth much to anyone. Instead, they’ll compile a whole database containing user data they stole from various websites – and that data includes your IP address.

Still, that doesn’t mean you should take this lightly. If someone buys your IP address on the dark web, it’s not because they have good intentions with it. They’ll either try to use it to impersonate you, find out personal info about you, or use it in scams.

Find Limited Personal Info About You

At most, they’d be able to pinpoint your location to a specific area – a country, city, or even a neighborhood.

Still, if the cybercriminal is skilled enough, they could find out who your ISP is from your IP address, and use phishing and vishing attacks against them to find out your personal details. Stuff like that has happened before, so it’s no speculation.

Cyberstalkers who are persistent enough could also try using your IP address to track your online actions, and find more personal information about you. Though, again, that would only work if they manage to trick your ISP into revealing sensitive data, or hack them to get it.

If a cybercriminal knows your IP address, they can DDoS/DoS you – essentially flood your network with unwanted traffic to the point where your web connection goes down.

This tends to happen a lot in online gaming – with upset players DoS/DDoS-ing other players.

Yep, stuff like that can happen if you live in a country where the law is very tough on torrenting – like the US, for instance.

Torrent monitoring and copyright agencies might keep an eye on torrent traffic, and single out your IP address. If they do that, they can find out who your ISP is, and get in touch with them to ask them to hande over your contact details and personal information.

Then, depending on how serious your “torrenting crime” is, they might just threaten you with DMCA notices, or they could sue you directly.

Prevent You from Playing Online Games

This just applies to online games. Basically, an admin who’s a sore loser might ban you from the match.

Now, when they ban you, they’re actually banning your IP address. Since the gaming server blacklists it, you can’t reconnect to it anymore until someone lifts the ban.

“Can My IP Address Be Hacked and Used?”

Not exactly, though you might see people talking about “IP hacks” online.

However, a cybercriminal can’t exactly hack an IP address. It’s just a number, not software or hardware.

“Okay, so what can a hacker do with an IP address then?”

Once they’re using your network or device, they can start doing illegal stuff with your IP address – like making death threats or downloading illegal torrents, child pornography, or content that might threaten the country’s national security.

“Can Someone Remotely Access My Computer With My IP Address?”

It depends.

Usually, no. Just knowing someone’s IP address isn’t exactly enough to remotely hack their devices.

Still, a very skilled cybercriminal could use your IP address to scan for open ports associated with it. If you’re not familiar with ports, just think of them as pipelines data flows through into and out of your network and device.

If a hacker were to manage to find an open port, and gain control over it (and many others), they might have a way to remotely control your computer. However, that can only happen if your operating system is out of date, you don’t use antivirus/antimalware software, and you turned your firewall off.

Another thing a cybercriminal could do is use your IP address to learn personal info about you and your browsing habits, and use phishing methods to try and trick you into installing malicious software on your device. If they’re successful, they can get remote access to your device.

Here are some good ways to hide your IP address to make sure nobody can track or steal it:

1. Use a VPN Service

A VPN is an online service you can use to quickly and easily hide your IP address. All you need to do is connect to a VPN server, and it will automatically replace your real IP address with its own address.

Before committing to a VPN, it’s a good idea to test the connection well to make sure it doesn’t suffer any IP leaks.

Also, using a VPN with a Kill Switch is preferable. That way, if you ever lose your VPN connection for any reason, you won’t need to worry about anyone seeing your real IP address since the VPN will automatically cut off your web access until the connection is running again.

Looking for a Secure VPN?

No need to worry about that anymore if you use CactusVPN. We offer a VPN service with military-grade encryption, and high-speed servers that also feature unlimited bandwidth.

We also provide shared IP addresses, so our servers mix your traffic with the traffic of other users, further protecting your privacy.

That, and we also offer DNS leak protection, a Kill Switch, and a guaranteed no-log policy.

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And once you do become a CactusVPN customer, we’ll still have your back with a 30-day money-back guarantee.

2. Use a Proxy Server

Much like a VPN, a proxy server will also hide your IP address whenever you connect to it. However, it doesn’t offer the same level of security VPNs do.

So you don’t get high-end encryption that properly secures your traffic and data. Also, proxy servers often tend to be slower than VPN servers, so keep that in mind.

If you’re worried about that, but still want to use a proxy server, consider getting a VPN whose servers double as proxy servers – like CactusVPN, for instance.

3. Switch WiFi Networks

If you’re worried someone is targeting your IP address, and you have access to multiple WiFi networks, just switch between them. The moment you connect to a network, you’ll get a new IP address.

Of course, this isn’t an ideal solution. Public WiFi is pretty risky and full of cyber threats since most networks don’t use any kind of encryption.

4. Switch to Mobile Data

If you don’t have any WiFi networks you can use (can happen if you’re at home), another way to hide your IP address is to just turn on your mobile data.

When you do that, you’ll start using your cell phone provider’s network, so you’ll get a new IP address.

Since your ISP is the one who assigns IP addresses to you, it’s obvious you need to talk with them if you want to change it.

You could try seeing if they’d be willing to offer you a dynamic IP address – basically an address that changes every single time you go on the web.

Of course, if your ISP agrees, they might charge you more for that. And they might have you answer a few questions or fill out some forms too.

Sure, Tor can also hide your IP address. It’s an anonymity network, after all.

However, there’s one big problem with it – the network already had a flaw some time ago that leaked users’ real IP addresses.

True, it was fixed, but who knows if an issue like that will show up again? The last thing you want is randomly exposing your IP address without even knowing it.

Besides that, you’ll also have to put up with other issues like the lack of encryption on the exit relay, having to only use the Tor browser, and slow speeds since there aren’t enough relays to support the huge number of Tor users.